Rectal Cancer A022104Study #A022104
The Janus Rectal Cancer Trial: A Randomized Phase II Trial Testing the Efficacy of Triplet Versus Doublet Chemotherapy to Achieve Clinical Complete Response in Patients with Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer
This phase II trial compares the effect of irinotecan versus oxaliplatin after long-course chemoradiation in patients with stage II-III rectal cancer. Combination chemotherapy drugs, such as FOLFIRINOX (fluorouracil, irinotecan, leucovorin, and oxaliplatin), FOLFOX (leucovorin, fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan ), and CAPOX (capecitabin and oxaliplatin) work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. FOLFOX or CAPOX are used after chemoradiation as usual treatment for rectal cancer. Giving FOLFIRINOX after chemoradiation may increase the response rate and lead to higher rates of clinical complete response (with a chance of avoiding surgery) compared to FOLFOX or CAPOX after chemoradiation in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer.
Sponsor: Alliance for Clinical Trials in OncologyBack To Clinical Trials NCI Database Entry