Bladder A032103Study #A032103
MODERN: An Integrated Phase 2/3 and Phase 3 Trial of MRD-Based Optimization of Adjuvant Therapy in Urothelial Cancer
This phase II/III trial tests the role of DNA released from tumor cells into the blood in guiding the use of immunotherapy (nivolumab alone or with relatlimab) after surgical removal of the bladder for bladder cancer treatment. DNA is material found inside all of our cells that acts as a blueprint for how cells function. Tumor cells often have abnormal DNA that looks different than DNA in normal cells. A new test called Signatera has been developed that can detect bladder cancer DNA in the blood which might indicate the presence of bladder tumor cells somewhere in the body. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body’s immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Relatlimab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. This trial may help doctors determine if the Signatera test can better identify which patients need an additional treatment with immunotherapy to help prevent bladder cancer from coming back after surgery.
Sponsor: National Cancer Institute (NCI)